Virtual HR refers to the process of providing a range of options through the use of various types of technology to employees in order to connect them with HR services.
Virtual HR, also known as Virtual Human Resources or Virtual HRM (Human Resource Management), refers to the use of technology and remote work arrangements to deliver HR services and functions. It involves leveraging digital tools and platforms to manage various aspects of HR, including recruitment, onboarding, employee engagement, performance management, training and development, and other HR processes.
In a virtual HR setup, HR professionals may work remotely or use technology to interact with employees and perform their HR responsibilities. Some common components and practices associated with virtual HR include:
1. Digital HR systems: Virtual HR relies heavily on digital platforms and software for managing HR processes. This may include cloud-based HR management systems, applicant tracking systems, employee self-service portals, performance management tools, and virtual communication and collaboration platforms.
2. Remote recruitment and onboarding: Virtual HR allows organizations to conduct recruitment activities and onboard new employees remotely. This can involve virtual job postings, online applications, video interviews, virtual assessments, and electronic document management for onboarding paperwork.
3. Remote employee engagement: Virtual HR involves strategies and tools to engage and connect with employees who may be working remotely or in different locations. This may include virtual team-building activities, online communication channels, digital recognition programs, and employee engagement surveys.
4. Performance management and feedback: Virtual HR utilizes technology to facilitate performance management processes, including goal setting, performance evaluations, and feedback sessions. This can involve digital performance management tools, online feedback platforms, and virtual performance discussions.
5. Online learning and development: Virtual HR enables the delivery of training and development programs through online platforms. This can include webinars, e-learning modules, virtual classrooms, and online knowledge-sharing platforms.
6. HR analytics and reporting: Virtual HR leverages data analytics and reporting tools to gather insights and measure HR metrics remotely. This can help in making data-driven decisions, tracking employee performance, monitoring HR trends, and identifying areas for improvement.
Virtual HR offers several advantages, such as increased flexibility, cost-effectiveness, and the ability to reach and support a geographically dispersed workforce. It can also contribute to improved efficiency, streamlined processes, and enhanced employee experience.
However, it is important to ensure proper data security and privacy measures when implementing virtual HR practices, especially when handling sensitive employee information.